The main treatments offered at IRCA focus on malignant and benign brain tumours, neurovascular diseases and also functional diseases.

As already mentioned, the ZAP-X is the most advanced stereotactic brain radiosurgery system in the sector, with cutting-edge technological innovation. And as we have already mentioned, it can be used to treat different pathologies, providing highly relevant data to support medical results and efficiency.

Thanks to the ZAP-X, IRCA can offer treatments that are specially personalised for each patient, thinking not only of their recovery but also of their wellbeing throughout the process.


Benign brain tumours

Within benign brain tumours, ZAP-X can treat acoustic neurinoma/ Vestibular Schwannoma, meningioma and pituitary adenoma. With well-differentiated, non-cancerous borders, these types of tumours are generally not very encysted in the brain tissue and are therefore easier to treat and remove.


This brain tumour develops from Schwann cells, which are linked to the nervous system, both outside the brain and in the spinal cord. This tumour, Vestibular Schwannoma (also known as Acoustic Neurinoma), is composed of cells that act as "electrical insulation" for nerve cells. It originates in the statoacoustic nerve (part of the inner ear to the brain), formed by the auditory (hearing) and vestibular (balance) nerves.

The main symptoms are related to hearing loss and/or ringing or buzzing noises in the ear (tinnitus). If not treated in time, dizziness, imbalance or headaches may occur.

Pituitary adenomas

This slow-growing tumour forms from the pituitary gland, also known as a pituitary adenoma. This gland, located at the base of the skull, produces many hormones responsible for controlling various bodily functions. Related to this "master" gland are adenomas, the most common disease affecting the pituitary gland, which constitute 10-15% of intracranial tumours.
Among the most common symptoms are tiredness, drowsiness, nausea and vomiting. But also nasal discharge of clear fluid, headache or problems with the sense of smell.


This tumour arises from the layers of the meninges, which is the protective membrane around the brain and spinal cord. Due to its location it is not considered a tumour, but is included in this category as it can compress the brain and/or nerves. It is the most common benign type, accounting for more than 30% of cases, and is thought to be related to genetic alterations. It is categorised into grades: (I) the tumour grows slowly; (II) it has an intermediate behaviour, so it can reappear once it is removed; and (III) it is considered aggressive, with very rapid growth.

In this case, the symptoms are related to several senses, not only the ear. Depending on where in the brain the tumour is located, signs can range from blurred vision to loss of smell; seizures, slurred speech or weakness in the limbs are also possible.